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Major Challenges Affecting Milk Quality in Major Milk Sheds of Oromia

Sisay Eshetu Dabi
The study was conducted in three districts (Girar Jarso, Wachale and Sululta) of North Shewa zone, two districts (Wolmera and Ejere) of west Shewa zone, one districts Ada’a of east Shewa zone and two districts (Limo-Bilbilo and Asella), Arsi zone of Oromia regional state. The zones were selected based on their potential milk production and transaction with the objectives to evaluate the physico-chemical quality of raw milk sampled from different stages of the milk value chain (producers, collectors and processors), identify the stage at which raw milk more contaminated and adulterated, identify major factors affecting the quality of milk in the study milk sheds, propose strategic interventions that improve the quality of milk in the areas and document best practices that enhance the quality of milk in major milk sheds of the region. The result revealed that the overall mean specific gravity of raw milk collected from producers and cooperatives in was within the normal range (1.026-1.032gm/ml) of raw milk set by the Ethiopian standard. Although the water added was found to be 4.86±4.4 in the study areas, it didn’t significantly affect the specific gravity of milk in the area. The mean temperatures of raw milk collected from both producers (24.8±0.77ºC) and cooperatives (28.3±5.1ºC) were found to be higher than the standard value (20ºC) for raw milk. These higher values of raw milk temperature could be related to the longer time milk takes to reach the processing plants. According to the present study, the added water in milk from producers (4.86±4.4) and cooperatives (6.13±7.2) were higher than the standard value, Ethiopian Standard Institute (ESI) set added water as 0.00 indicating that there is adulteration of milk with water in the study milk sheds. In the present study, out of the total milk tested for freshness, more than half (54.3%) of the milk sampled from producers and 66.7% from cooperatives were non- reactive i.e. fresh milk. In all the physical properties considered, there were no significant differences among the three milk sheds.
Research areas:
Year:
2024
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Milk Quality; Major Milk Shades; Challenges Study Areas; Oromia Ethiopia
Journal:
IJAHVS
Volume:
9
Number:
4
Pages:
30-43
Month:
July
ISSN:
2455-8567
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