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Review on Ethiopia’s Global Position in Meat Production and Export: Analysis of Sectoral Opportunities and Challenges

Gezahagn Dugassa; Mekonnen Gashu
The economic contribution of livestock sub-sector in Ethiopia is about 12% of the total and 33% of agriculture GDP and provides livelihood for 65% of the population. The contribution of meat and meat byproducts export to GDP is growing but not to its potential as it is observed in a number of reports. On the other hand, there are more than 300 local abattoirs which produce meat for local consumption at different locations with different capacity and facilities but with no standards. This study was therefore, implemented to review the position of Ethiopia in meat production and export, and analysis of sectoral opportunities and challenges. The study therefore indicated that, Ethiopia has the tenth largest livestock population in the world, the production of beef, goat and sheep meat is still low and contributed only about 1.7 percent of the world total meat production. Brazil was the leading country exporting 1.7 million tonnes of beef, Sheep, and Goat meat in 2020. In case of Africa, South Africa exports the largest volume of meat 38,045 tonnes following Ethiopia 16,888 tonnes and she was 31th in the world in Meat export. South Africa is the leading country in meat export from the continent with 40 percent. Ethiopia exports 18 percent of meat from continent specifically, beef, Goat and Sheep meat. High demand of Meat and strategic location to Middle East market, increasing number of export abattoirs in Ethiopia with big investment opportunities, the existence of huge number of livestock population (cattle and small ruminants), establishment of Livestock Development Institute, which will work on both improvement of livestock production and processing are the major opportunities for meat production and export in Ethiopia. Seasonality of supply, lack of marketing infrastructure, inability to penetrate huge export markets and maintain substantial market shares, poor linkages between producers, processors and export abattoirs, illegal cross border trade, inadequate branding and promotion are the major market problems.
Research areas:
Year:
2022
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Meat; Export; Production; Opportunity; Challenge
Journal:
IJAHVS
Volume:
7
Number:
3
Pages:
1-12
Month:
May
ISSN:
2455-8567
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