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Economic Importance of Hydatidosis in Small Ruminants and its Public Health Importance

Mohammad Dawood Bawer; K. J. Ananda; M. Dawood Shirzad
The dog tapeworm Echinococcus and its larval stage, the hydatid cyst, cause hydatidosis, a zoonotic parasitic disease. It is characterized by the development of cysts of various sizes in the visceral organs of intermediate hosts and adult tapeworms in the intestines of dogs. The disease is chronic and affects both herbivorous and omnivorous mammals, as well as all types of food animals. The prevalence of E. granulosus is higher in developing countries, especially in rural areas where the dog, the definitive host, and various domestic animals, which may serve as intermediate hosts, are in close proximity. Echinococcosis is associated with severe morbidity and disability and is one of the world’s most geographically widespread zoonotic diseases. Hydatid disease results in the loss of millions of money in terms of public health each year and lowered productivity of infected animals. The life cycle is complex, involving two hosts and a free-living egg stage. The dynamics of the transmission of the parasite are determined by the interaction of factors associated with these two hosts and with the external environment. The effect of the hydatid cyst on the intermediate host depends on the size and location of the cyst. Scanning, radiology, serology, and postmortem examination can be used to diagnose hydatidosis in the intermediate host. Unfortunately, surgery is currently the only alternative, but several benzimidazole compounds are effective against hydatid cysts in intermediate hosts. Therefore, hydatidosis can be controlled through dosing dogs, inspecting meat and educating the public on the risk to humans, and avoiding feeding offal to dogs, as well as introducing legislation.
Research areas:
Year:
2021
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Economic; Hydatidosis; Importance; Public; Small Ruminants
Journal:
IJAHVS
Volume:
6
Number:
2
Pages:
30-40
Month:
March
ISSN:
2455-8567
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